Banquet Digital camera: The Early-1900s Software for Photographing Giant Teams


Terry Gruber might be one of many final portrait photographers in america to nonetheless use a 100-year-old, 12×20-inch banquet digital camera for its authentic objective: capturing massive teams in formal events.

What’s a Banquet Digital camera?

A banquet digital camera is just like a view digital camera that holds an extra-long 12×20 inch movie again. They had been additionally made in 7×17 inches. Essentially the most important benefit of the banquet digital camera was {that a} contact print of 12×20 was massive sufficient for framing, and it confirmed each face of the 150 to 500 folks within the group to be recognizable and even tack sharp.

Banquet digital camera pictures was standard from the late Eighties till the late Nineteen Sixties, when it started to fade away.

Wedding ceremony, 583 Park 2008, 12×20 w 14-inch lens, Ilford FP4, 1 second at F32.5 with 11 No 3 Sylvania Flashbulbs

The decision of a banquet photograph has had some fascinating makes use of through the years — the ultimate photograph in The Shining is a banquet photograph the place they zoom into Jack Nicholson’s face.

“Sure. That was an actual banquet photograph the place Jack Nicolson was retouched into it,” Gruber tells PetaPixel.

$3,500 Per Banquet Picture

Gruber expenses $3,500 per banquet photograph, and if you happen to assume that’s expensive, chances are you’ll change your thoughts when you study of on a regular basis, effort, and stress that goes into making a single photograph.

Wedding ceremony at East Hampton Property of Reginald Lewis, Terry on 12-foot ladder flanked by assistants, with lemon in hand, Megaphone and 100-year-old digital camera on a picket tripod

“We arrive at the least 3 hours earlier than the photograph is taken,” Gruber says, “Three of us.

“One shot Terry they are saying. It’s a one-shot deal until you’re exterior with out flashbulbs.”

A contemporary photographer should shoot many frames to search out one the place nobody has blinked in a big group. With this uncommon sort of portrait, nevertheless, one is sufficient.

“Jayson [his mentor] defined that within the 1-second publicity lit by the bulbs, folks could blink, however their eyes are open longer than the blink,” he says. “We nearly by no means have a blink.”

Plaza Lodge, NYC 2018 145th Anniversary Dinner of the Shearman and Sterling Legislation Agency. 250 folks. 12×20 on FP4 one second at f32.5 with 12 No 3 Sylvania Flashbulbs

The Digital camera and Operation

Gruber makes use of a Folmer and Schwing banquet digital camera made in or across the 12 months 1920. The corporate was based in 1887 by William F. Folmer and William E. Schwing as a bicycle firm in New York Metropolis. The primary cameras appeared of their catalog in 1896. Mr. Folmer developed the primary Graflex digital camera in 1898. From 1905 to 1926, the corporate was a division of Eastman Kodak in Rochester, New York.

The banquet digital camera got here with one again, and Gruber had two extra custom-made. The digital camera weighs 20 kilos (~9kg) and the tripod is 15lbs (6.8kg) Your entire package together with the lighting for the shoot is over 100lbs (~45kg).

Jacob Javits Heart, Terry Gruber on the 10-foot ladder and 12×20 digital camera taking pictures banquet photograph at Bizbash 2010. Copyright 2009 Maike Schulz

“For an indoor shot, I’ve a 14-inch (~350mm) and 16-inch (~400mm) threaded lens with a Packard shutter with a lemon which is an air squeeze black bulb [for keeping the shutter open],” says the banquet photographer. “For an outside shot with flashbulbs for fill gentle, I take advantage of a lens with a shutter — a 14-inch Goerz Dagor with a Copal shutter.

“The explanation for that is the motion of individuals at ½ or one second is about all of the shot can take, and a Packard shutter [squeeze bulb] is tougher to maintain open for lower than a second.

“The final time I calculated [angle of view] that, I consider, we measured 61 levels which might be equal to 26mm in 35mm format.”

A standard lens is the dimensions of the diagonal of the movie and, on this case, can be about 600mm.

12×20 digital camera on a tripod with air launch, 2003

“Should you can not see the digital camera, the digital camera can not see you,” is what Gruber shouts when taking pictures an enormous group. And to assist the digital camera see all people in these humongous teams, the digital camera should be very excessive.

Gruber mounts the digital camera on a 9-foot collapsible picket tripod and climbs onto a 10-foot ladder to border, focus, and shoot. The framing and focusing are literally achieved on a focusing chart — his mentor used a candle flame — earlier than the folks enter the room.

Terry with 100-year-old digital camera on a picket tripod with “lemon” in his hand, 2003

Gruber says that many good banquet images are taken from a balcony 25 to 30 toes up. Giant centerpieces should be faraway from the desk to keep away from folks being hidden behind them, which could be a little troublesome for the occasion planners.

Banquet Preparation for Plaza Lodge {Photograph} from stage. Angle of view exhibits the highlighted tables with individuals who might be moved from tables #1, 12, 5, 6, 7

Lighting a Crowd with Flash Bulbs

Most banquets are indoors, and the lighting for Gruber remains to be flash bulbs (first produced by GE in 1927) to get the genuine look of a banquet photograph. Flash bulbs are very shiny and emit a number of warmth, and the momentary brightness of the flash will be startling to the viewers.

“You may truly really feel a wave of warmth when you may have fired a number of bulbs,” says the banquet photographer. “I purchase them off eBay. I’ve sufficient in storage to shoot 50 banquets.

Corrugated cardboard field containing #3 Sylvania Blue Dot Flashbulb with information numbers.

“[I] by no means [use] fixed gentle or strobe. A median shot with 200 folks is 8-9 flashbulbs. An enormous area just like the Koch Theater at Lincoln Heart in New York took 16 bulbs and 350 toes of wiring. I take advantage of the Sylvania #3 clear for black and white.”

Within the days earlier than flashbulbs, flash powder (magnesium, and so on.) was used, which offered a shiny gentle however was very harmful, particularly in closed ballrooms. In accordance with Gruber, there have been contraptions that will catch the dense cloud of white smoke in canvas baggage after they exploded the flash powder. After which, the assistant would carry the bag of smoke exterior to expel.

Jacob Javits Heart, Terry Gruber at Gruber Photographers Sales space at Bizbash 2010. Copyright 2009 Maike Schulz

To get all people in focus, Gruber tilts the lens downwards to make use of the Scheimpflug precept and get most depth of area by stopping the lens all the way down to f/32.5 (the smallest aperture is f/128 and the most important f/8). At present photographers have been warned that f/32 will produce unsharp outcomes as a result of diffraction, however that’s for the a lot smaller 35mm full-frame format. For this enormous format, f/32 is okay and, in actual fact, Ansel Adams even created Group f/64, during which members most popular to shoot at f/64 on massive format cameras.

Wedding ceremony at Fort on the Hudson 2007, 12×20 Ilford FP4, one second at f/32.5

The 12×20-inch Movie for Banquet Cameras

You may nonetheless (topic to availability) get contemporary Ilford Delta 100 12×20 B&W ISO 100 12×20 movie movie nowadays. Banquet cameras immediately are getting used extra by panorama photographers to create panoramas, so Ilford can nonetheless do once-a-year movie runs. And when out there, Banquet photographers have to hoard it for future use.

Wedding ceremony, Frick Museum, 2010, NYC, 12×20 w 14-inch lens, Ilford FP4, 1 second at F32.5 with 10 flashbulbs.
NYC 2003 Jayson Jons “The King of Banquet Photographers” and Terry’s mentor put up banquet shot at Terry Gruber’s fortieth Birthday with flashbulb reflectors. Picture by Aaronel Gruber.

LTI Lightside in New York Metropolis is Gruber’s go-to lab for creating the 12×20 B&W movie.

“We now have a contact printer, and that’s by far the easiest way to proof [in the old days, often the final and framed] a shot,” says the banquet photographer. “Nonetheless, if we’re going to make an enlargement, we scan the unfavorable and print digitally.

“For a marriage, I have to print bigger than 12×20 for a wall print. So, I sometimes would scan and produce a 24×40″ or 36 x60”, mount it on aluminum, and as Jayson taught me embrace an inscription for the heirloom it instantly turns into and traditionally in 75 years.

“In 2004, I discovered a person in Chicago with a 12×20 enlarger. It took up a complete room and was used for printing books and making murals. He bought it for scrap ultimately. I’ve a ten-foot print he fabricated from my birthday [party] in 2003.

“Most scanners usually are not applicable for banquet movie. Anytime I’ve the funds, I ship the movie to Laumont Photographics in New York, who’ve a drum scanner that matches a 12×20 and might print enormous and mount.”

Central Park 2013, Terry Gruber on ladder giving a preparatory speech with microphone 12×20 digital camera, flashbulbs on stands. The occasion: The Backyard Membership of America’s Dedication of the Restoration of the East 69th Road Entrance to Central Park to its authentic design by Frederick Legislation Olmstead and Calvert Vaux.
Century Membership Library 2019 Hughes Hubbard and Reed Accomplice’s Dinner. 8×10 Deardorff with 210mm lens, Ilford FP4, 1 second at F32.5 with 9 flashbulbs.

Up to now, Gruber has obtained requests for big prints after being employed for issues like weddings and company anniversaries, however folks appear much less nowadays.

When prospects have requested for shade banquet images, Gruber has shot on his 8×10″ Deardorf digital camera as no shade movie is offered in 12×20. He additionally prefers the “smaller” digital camera for teams beneath 100. Right here he makes use of Kodak Portra-160NC with blue-coated lightbulbs.

Wedding ceremony at East Hampton Property of Reginald Lewis, Terry on 12-foot ladder with Megaphone
The photograph that began all of it. Jayson Jon’s banquet {photograph} of Terry Gruber’s party on January 27, 2003 Be aware how he posed the folks on the wings of the U-shaped desk alternating one particular person in, one particular person out from the desk

Getting Into Pictures

Gruber was given a Brownie digital camera when he was eight rising up in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. His mom, Aaronel, was a painter and sculptor, who all the time carried a digital camera, however warned him, “By no means grow to be an artist!” His father made residence motion pictures of serious occasions like journeys to DC or out west or Gruber’s birthday events or swim races.

“I feel I should have modeled my very own pictures habits after theirs,” displays Gruber. “I carried my digital camera on journeys, round campus, to concert events, to events and weddings of pals.

“I used to be a movie main at Vassar School, yearbook editor, vogue photographer’s assistant, writer/photographer of three cat books, and went to Columbia Movie Faculty [MFA in Screenwriting and Directing]. My thesis movie beneath advisor Martin Scorsese, “Not Simply Any Flower,” was an viewers favourite on the Sundance Movie Competition. Tales informed by way of pictures had been all the time an curiosity of mine. I really like portraiture and group portraiture essentially the most.”

Central Park, 2013 Terry Gruber on ladder with 12×20 digital camera with Goerz Dagor 14 inch lens, stage, about to shoot Centennial of Backyard of America with 500 folks. Copyright 2013 Maike Schulz
Wedding ceremony Lookout Farm, Natick MA. Terry beneath the black material pre-focusing and prepping the banquet shot for later in the course of the cocktail hour
Black Tie Wedding ceremony, David Koch Theater, Lincoln Heart 2012, 350 visitors. Deardorff 8×10 digital camera Ilford FP4 movie one second at F32 with 16 #3 Sylvania flashbulbs

Gruber has liked amassing banquet images since he was 20. At present he has 100 or in order that he has present in flea markets and classic shops however primarily on eBay and about 40 that he has shot.

Normal Flash stamp on again of classic print 1950. From the times if you didn’t have a celebration or operate with no banquet photograph being taken.

“In 2003, I met Jayson Jons, aka John Selepec, the one banquet photographer I might discover, and employed him to shoot a 12×20 B&W banquet photograph of my family and friends seated at my [50th] birthday dinner,” remembers Gruber. “Jayson was a colourful octogenarian from round Pittsburgh and requested me if I want to help him on the final remaining banquet jobs that he has been taking pictures because the Nineteen Sixties.

“They had been Associations. The Hats Affiliation of American, the steelworker native, and two of the oldest white-shoe regulation companies within the metropolis … I liked working with him and studying his course of. The strain was immense, and at 80, even along with his spouse at his aspect, he had hassle lifting the heavy gear and largely climbing up the 10-foot-tall ladder.”

Gruber began banquet digital camera pictures in 2006 after his mentoring by Selepac. He was gifted (or bought for $500) one in all Selepac’s 12×20 cameras, a 9-foot picket collapsible tripod, and his secret sauce, the bulb lighting he had used since 1950.

In 1964 Gruber attended the 1964 New York World’s Honest as a 10-year-old. At the moment, they went by way of Grand Central Station, and he remembers being wowed by the enormous 18×60-foot Kodak Colorama at Grand Central Station, which was truly shot on a banquet digital camera.

Russian Tea Room 2010, Retirement Celebration of Brides Journal Editor in Chief Antonia Van Der Meer. No want for a 12×20 with a small group like this. 8×10 on Ilford FP4

In 1975 when he relocated to New York Metropolis, he was very impressed by the Coloramas.

“Sure, it’s one motive I used to be drawn to the picture,” he says. “I might stare on the print and marvel on the element.”

Terry Gruber posing with 12×20 digital camera, 2003

After turning into knowledgeable photographer, Gruber and his firm achieved a excessive stage of success — he has photographed many superstar weddings, together with Catherine Zeta-Jones and Michael Douglas, Billy Joel, Salman Rushdie, Padma Lakshmi, Geraldo Rivera, Jon Cryer, and Melissa Rivers.

Up to now, Gruber used to get 3 to 4 purchasers for banquet images per 12 months, however final 12 months it was solely two.

one hundred and thirty fifth Anniversary Dinner of the Shearman and Sterling Legislation Agency. 350 folks. 12×20 on FP4 one second at f/32.5 with 12 No 3 Sylvania Flashbulbs

Gruber has by no means discovered a historic picture of a photographer taking pictures a big group with a banquet digital camera.

“And I’ve appeared for years,” says the fashionable photographer with the traditional digital camera. If there actually is not any such photograph that exists, the one picture of a banquet digital camera photographer in motion is Gruber.


Editor’s observe: If you recognize of any such photograph, please hyperlink it within the feedback under—additionally, another energetic banquet digital camera skilled photographers within the US or Internationally.


Concerning the writer: Phil Mistry is a photographer and instructor based mostly in Atlanta, GA. He began one of many first digital digital camera lessons in New York Metropolis at The Worldwide Heart of Pictures within the 90s. He was the director and instructor for Sony/Well-liked Pictures journal’s Digital Days Workshops. You may attain him right here.


Picture credit: All images courtesy of Terry Gruber

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